This module describes the process of conducting a community readiness and needs assessment. Prevention specialists commonly participate in community assessments related to substance abuse. As you learned in module one of this online course series, assessment is the first component of the Strategic Prevention Framework promoted by the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention. Also, community readiness assessment and needs assessment are steps 1 and 2 of the Community Prevention Planning Model developed by Hawkins et al. The contents of this module relate directly to several of the job tasks in the Planning and Evaluation job domain in the IC&RC job analysis.